• gebruiksmodel


• Gebrauchsmuster
‘Das Gebrauchsmuster ist der „kleine Bruder“ des Patents und ein Schutzrecht des gewerblichen Rechtsschutzes. Die Unterschiede zum Patent sind mit den letzten Änderungen des Gebrauchsmustergesetzes (GebrMG) geringer geworden. Ende 2017 standen in Deutschland 81.001 Gebrauchsmuster in Kraft, 13.299 Neuanmeldungen sind in diesem Jahr erfolgt.’ (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gebrauchsmuster)


• utility model (JurLex, IATE)
• IATE Definition: ‘an exclusive right granted for an invention, which allows the right holder to prevent others from commercially using the protected invention, without his authorization, for a limited period of time.’ ("Protecting Innovations by Utility Models: What is a Utility Model?"; WIPO website http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/ip_business/utility_models/utility_models.htm [21.11.2014])
• De uitvinding moet in de aanvraag om een gebruiksmodel zodanig duidelijk en volledig worden beschreven dat zij door een deskundige kan worden toegepast. = The utility model application must disclose the invention in a manner sufficiently clear and complete for it to be carried out by a person skilled in the art. (eur-lex.europa.eu)
• ‘A utility model is a patent-like intellectual property right to protect inventions. This type of right is available in many countries but, notably, not in the United States, United Kingdom or Canada. Although a utility model is similar to a patent, it is generally cheaper to obtain and maintain, has a shorter term (generally 6 to 15 years), shorter grant lag, and less stringent patentability requirements. In some countries, it is only available for inventions in certain fields of technology and/or only for products. Utility models can be described as second-class patents.’ (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utility_model)
• registered utility model, utility design (GWIT)

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